SWEDISH SOUTH ASIAN STUDIES NETWORK
|Local Government elections were held in late March 2006. The coalition led by President Mahinda Rajapakse won 222 of 266 local councils. The main opposition group won 32 councils, and minor parties 10. Analysts said, the overwhelming victory is sign for endorsement of the president's negotiations with the LTTE. The election in the North and East of the island was not held and put off until September for security reasons.|
Parliamentary elections for the 13th Parliament of the Democratic Socialist
Republic of Sri Lankawere held on 2 April 2004.
The parliament has 225 seats, out of which 196 members are elected in multi-seat constituencies and 29 by nationwide proportional representation.
United People's Freedom Alliance, UPFA, 105 seats. (UPFA is an alliance between President Kumaratunga’s Sri Lanka Freedom Party, SLFP, and the leftist sinhalese-chauvinist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna, JVP)
United National Party, UNP, 82 seats (including three seats won by its alliance party Ceylon Workers Congress)
Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi, ITAK (Tamil National Alliance), 22 seats.
Jathika Hela Urumaya, JHU, 9 seats
Sri Lanka Muslim Congress, SLMC, 5 seats
Up-Country People's Front, UCPF, 1 seat
Eelam People's Democratic Party, EPDP, 1 seat
Prime Minister since
21 November 2005: Ratnasiri Wickramanayake.
Leader of the Opposition: Ranil
Wickremesinghe (United National Party, UNP). Wickremesinghe
became Prime Minister on 9 December 2001 after his party’s
victory in the general elections that year, but had to resign
efter the was defeat in the elections of April 2004.
History: Historical time, i e the
period during which events have been recorded, goes back to 250 BC. At
that time there were both Prakrit and Tamil speaking peoples living on
the island, which both had moved from the Indian mainland. The native
people of the island were the Veddahs.
Up to the 19th Century AD several dynastic states were created in Anuradhapura, Rohana, Polonnaruva, Jaffna, Dambadeniya, Gampola, Kotte, Sitavaka and Nuvara (Kandy). The Portugese began to colonize the coastal areas from 1594, the Dutch from 1640 and finally the Brittish from 1795. Neither the Portugese nor the Dutch managed to conquer the highlands where the Sinhala king ruled at Nuvara. But in 1815 the Brittish defeated his army and the monarchy was abolished. In 1833 all the areas of the island were united into a centralized colonial adminstration, which ruled the island till Independence in 1948.
|More information on Sri Lanka|
The Official Website of the Government of Sri Lanka
The Library of Congress, USA, offers through its Country Studies Web site detailed Information on all Aspects of Countries round the Globe. Look for Sri Lanka. Information contained in the Country Studies On-Line is not copyrighted and thus is available for free and unrestricted use by researchers. As a courtesy, however, appropriate credit should be given to the series. Unfortunately, though, the information on Sri Lanka is not updated since October 1988.
CIA The World Factbook 2007: Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka Page offers Latest Hot News from Sri Lanka, updated around the clock
The British Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO) advice on safety aspects on travelling to Sri Lanka
The Swedish Government’s Division for Democratic Issues, based at the Ministry of Justice, regularly publishes reports about the human rights situation in countries all over the World. Read the 2007 Report on the Human Rights Situation in Sri Lanka (in Swedish only).
SASNET - Swedish South Asian Studies Network/Lund
Address: Scheelevägen 15 D, SE-223 70 Lund, Sweden
Phone: +46 46 222 73 40
Webmaster: Lars Eklund
Last updated 2010-02-02