SWEDISH SOUTH ASIAN STUDIES NETWORK
Presentations: Chairperson, Staffan Lindberg, Dept. of Sociology.
Elinor Ostrom: Managing Common Resources - What is
Jean-Philippe Platteau: Managing Common Resources
- What is the solution?
The discussants Christian Lund and Christer Gunnarsson gave their comments (Lund´s comments avaiable as a pdf-file) on the presentations given by Ostrom and Platteau.
Symposium: Chairperson: Alia Ahmad, Dept. of Economics
Workshop on local projects on Management of Common Resources
Commentatators: Ostrom, Platteau, Gunnarsson and Lund
Ellen Carlsson: Creating a Methodological Framework for Analysing Property Right Institutions.
Staffan Lindberg and Per Pettersson-Löfquist: Seaweed and/or Tourists? Studying Conflicts over Natural Resource Use in East Zanzibar.
Alia Ahmad: An Institutional Analysis of Changes in Land Use Pattern and Water Scarcity in Dak Lak Province, Vietnam. (Will be published by NIAS, Copenhagen).
Thomas Malm: The Tragedy of the Commoners: The Decline of the Customary Marine Tenure System of Tonga.
Richard Palmer-Jones: Irrigation Service Markets in Bangladesh: Private Provision of Local Public Goods and Community Regulation..
1. Economic Implications of Water
as a Private and Communal Resource: A
multicase study of the Meru in Tanzania and Kgatleng District, Botswana
by Ellen Carlsson, Department of Economic History, Lund University. Available as a pdf-file.
Summary: The aim of the project is to contribute
to creating a better empirical and
theoretical knowledge of rules and social relations governing the rights to water resources in the two case areas. The formal, as well as the informal, institutional contexts are investigated. The study trace institutions back to the 1930s and factors driving the structural change that has occurred will be in focus. The relevance of existing property rights theory and arguments for the efficiency of different property regimes, from Harold Demsetz to Elinor Ostrom, will be tested. It is about time that experiences from Sub-Saharan Africa's property right structures are taken into account when we develop theory.
2. Seaweed or Tourists? Conflicts
over Natural Resource Use in East Zanzibar
by Staffan Lindberg, Department of Sociology, Lund University and
Per Pettersson-Löfquist, Department of Social Sciences, Kalmar University College. Available as a pdf-file.
Summary: The project deals with the conflicts over natural resource use between people engaged in two different sectors of development on the East Coast of Zanzibar. Increasing tourism confronts women managed production of commercial algae in coastal waters. The conflicts are about use rights to the beach and its waters, as well as to drinking water. The specific aim is to study in detail how these conflicts are experienced and handled, primarily by members of the local community, but also how the national elite and international actors are involved. We trace existing attempts at solving these conflicts and explore new ways to ensure a socially and environmentally sustainable development.
Summary: The fertile highland of Dak Lak, the largest province in Vietnam, is highly suitable for coffee production. With economic reforms in Vietnam, coffee production in Dak Lak has increased rapidly in the past ten years. But economic success in coffee production has created environmental stress such as water scarcity and deforestation, and social conflicts as a result of migration from other areas. This paper explains the causes of environmental problems in terms of institutional failure with respect to common-pool resources, and inconsistent economic policies. The study focuses on the public good characteristics of common-pool resources, and the difficulties faced by local stakeholders in reaching a collective solution.
4. Women of the Coral Gardens: A Comparative Study of Indigenous Knowledge and Marine Tenure Systems in Oceania by Thomas Malm, Department of Social Anthropology & Human Ecology Division, Lund University. Available as a pdf-file.
Summary: Indigenous knowledge and marine tenure systems are studied in five groups of Pacific islands where women's gathering of marine organisms is important and where there is an entire spectrum between marine commons with strongly restricted and totally open access. Themes in focus are how the rights to use near shore resources are regulated by customary and modern law, how subsistence roles are related to gender and the zone where the tasks are performed, and how indigenous knowledge is reflected in the gathering, uses and naming of organisms obtained by women.
5. Irrigation service markets in
Bangladesh: Private Provision of Local Public Goods with Community Regulation?
By Richard Palmer-Jones,
School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, UK. Available
as a pdf-file. Diagrams available as a separate
Abstract: The exploitation of groundwater for agricultural production in Bangladesh has been crucial to the agricultural growth that has enabled Bangladesh to emerge from being the 'basket case' to a sort of self-sufficiency in staple food production in the last 20 years together with significant reductions on HCR poverty.
This has come about not through the innovative aid dependent NGOs for which Bangladesh has become famous, but largely through private investment in tube wells selling irrigation services (water) to farmers of contiguous blocks of land, evidently overcoming collective action problems posed by the fragmented and unequal land holding structure, and confounding pessimistic prognoses of several political economies.
Groundwater drawn own externalities are not crucial in most areas due to the abundance of the resource. Competition in these markets can perhaps be modelled as 'contestable' and 'embedded'; disputes are regulated (perhaps imperfectly) by creative use of indigenous dispute resolution institutions and various cultural, economic, social and political resources. Poverty is reduced but the implications for inequality are not clear - but which is of greater significance?
Alia Ahmed, assoc. professor, Economics
Staffan Lindberg, professor, sociology
Per Pettersson-Löfquist, lecturer, Sociology
Malin Arvidson, Sociology
Ellen Carlsson, Economic-History
Mikael Hammarskjöld, PROP
Ditte Mårtensson, PROP