PADRIGU moved location in late August 2005, to Campus
Linné, and its three imposing old buildings – Annedalseminariet
(Övre Husargatan 34), KK 2 (Konstepedimins väg 2), and Rektorsvillan
Since July 2006 it is administered as a division within the School
of Global Studies at Gothenburg University (SGSGU),
part of an effort to coordinate global studies across disciplinary
and regional limitations.
Research connected to South Asia
runs several senior and doctoral projects about India and the South Asian
region. The 2nd Swedish National Conference on Peace
Research was held in Gothenburg on 7–8 September 2006. The conference, organised
by the School of Global Studies/PADRIGU, Gothenburg University
on behalf of the Swedish Network
of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, was a meeting point
for Swedish researchers in the field.
Several of the nine panels touched on South Asian issues. In the panel ”Post-conflict
and Reconstruction” Doreen Arulanandam presented a paper about ”Women
in Social Reconstruction
– Multifaceted Engagement in War Ravaged Northern Sri Lanka”,
and in a panel on ”Peace Processes” both Camilla Orjuela
(PADRIGU) and Isak Svensson, Dept. of Peace
and Conflict Studies, Uppsala University, discussed recent
Srilankan experiences. Björn Hettne, Stellan Vinthagen and
Bent Jörgensen also participated in the conference. More
A separate Centre for Global Gender Studies (CGGS) was formally
established as a unit at Gothenburg University on 1 January 2004.
Many of the staff at PADRIGU are also involved in the activities of CGGS. More information on the Centre for Global Gender
Among the PADRIGU researchers specialised on South Asia are:
Orjuela defended her doctoral dissertationon ”Civil
Society in Civil War: Peace Work and Identity Politics in Sri Lanka”
on Friday 3 December 2004. Faculty oppoment was Dr. Kumar Rupesinghe,
Chairman of the Foundation for Co-Existence (FCE), based in Colombo,
Sri Lanka. Read
the abstract. Abstract: It is increasingly recognised that civil society has
an important role to play in conflict resolution and peace building,
by involving and educating grass roots and thus granting legitimacy
to top-level peace processes. A growing interest in development assistance
to support peace (as a prerequisite for development)
has paved the way for an influx of funds to civil society,
chiefly to NGOs doing peace education and campaigning. This paper looks
at the case of Sri Lanka, where an ongoing peace process has made donor
support for civil society peace work a burning issue. Defining and
building up a civil society is not an easy exercise, as a look at the
What is civil society in Sri Lanka (is it really civil)?
will reveal. Ethnic divisions within civil society, the obstacles to
its functioning (especially in the war zones), and the criticism directed
towards foreign funded peace mongers are discussed, as are
the potential positive effects of civil society work to back peace processes.
Camilla Orjela also works as a journalist with focus on peace- and development
issues. She has been the editor of Utblick, published by IOGT-NTO's
International Institute. She is a member of SASNET’s board since
January 2004. More information about Dr. Orjuela’s research at her personal web page.
In November 2004 Camilla Orjuela and
the lecturer Mikael
Schultz (photo to the right) were given a three-years grant
(2005-07) from Sida/SAREC to pursue a project on ”‘Post’
War Reconstruction and the Peace Process in Sri Lanka”. More
Till now Mikael Schultz has been coordinating the department’s
cooperation with Peradeniya University in Sri Lanka, and supervises two
of the Srilankan PhD candidates connected to the department (see below). Project
abstract: Reconstruction of war torn societies is not merely
a post-settlement task, but also influences the peace making. This project
focuses on the case of Sri Lanka and studies how processes of reconstruction
are linked to the politics of the peace process initiated in 2002. It
analyses how reconstruction issues matter in the interaction between
key actors in the peace process as issues under dispute and as a potential
space for cooperation between the conflicting parties. The project also
poses questions about the link between reconstruction and improvement
of life at a local level, and the top level peace process. A survey and
qualitative interviews carried out in the northern and eastern parts
of Sri Lanka will explore local experiences of reconstruction and views
of how the top level can be influenced. Qualitative interviews with key
actors in the peace process will provide insights about top level dynamics.
In November 2005 Camilla Orjuela also
received a major grant from the Swedish Research Links programme for
three years (2006-08), for a project called ”Long-Distance Reconciliation?
Nationalism and Peace Building in the Diaspora” She is now working on this project. More information. Project description: This project studies the
role diaspora communities can play in peace building in their countries
of origin. While diaspora researchers have gained insights about
the processes of ”long-distance nationalism”, ”homeland
politics” and identity formation taking place in the diaspora,
peace researchers have still to grasp the complex role of diaspora
communities in todayâs deterritorialised nationalist conflicts.
So far, diasporas have been studied by peace researchers mainly
as groups encouraging and funding violent conflicts. This project,
however, puts the focus on the possibilities created in the diaspora
existence for dialogue between people who have been made enemies
in violent conflicts. In exile, new spaces for interaction and
alternative identity formation emerge. Exiles also keep close contacts
with relatives and friends back home, and make important contributions
to efforts to reconstruct war-torn areas. This study takes its
point of departure in the case of Sri Lanka. It studies how Sri
Lankan Tamils and Sinhalese living in Canada, Sweden, Norway, Germany
and the UK involve in and make sense of the ethnic conflict back
home. It looks at contacts maintained with the homeland, involvement
in diaspora organisations and experiences of cross-ethnic dialogue
in the diaspora. The main methods are in-depth interviews, analysis
of texts produced by diaspora organisations and observation of
In August 2008, Dr. Camilla Orjuela was awarded another SASNET planning grant
for a research project titled ”Corruption and Conflict.
Challenges for Local Governance in Sri Lanka”. More information about the 2008 SASNET planning grants.
The project will be carried out in collaboration with Dr. Jonas Lindberg, Department of Human Geography, University of Gothenburg, and Professor Siri Hettige, Department of Sociology, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka. The purpose of the SASNET grant is to develop the suggested project on corruption, conflict and local governance into a larger research project, where the competences of each of the three main applicant, in addition to a broader network within the University of Colombo, is taken advantage of. The grant will be spent on a workshop and planning meeting in Colombo in November 2008, as well as for a shorter pilot study carried out in collaboration in connection with the workshop. Project abstract:
The interest in networking between University of Gothenburg and University of Colombo has grown out of a realisation of our shared research interests. Orjuela and Lindberg has during spring 2008 developed a project proposal for research about the interlinkages between corruption and conflict in Sri Lanka – a project which builds on their earlier research in Sri Lanka on issues related to conflict, development and governance. Professor Hettige at University of Colombo is one of the most well-regarded researchers and experts on issues related to local governance. Both Orjuela and Lindberg have been in contact and met with Hettige several times during earlier research. During spring 2008 Hettige contacted Orjuela regarding his interest in further pursuing research on local governance (including corruption issues) in collaboration with University of Gothenburg. They realised that Orjuela and Lindberg’s effort to formulate a research project on local perspectives on corruption and conflict, and Hettige’s research interests in local governance and corruption, could lead into a larger collaborative research project. This will enable a broader and more substantial project, which would be more grounded in the environment of a Sri Lankan university and which can also involve local researchers. Moreover, the inclusion of broader issues of local governance would further enhance the policy relevance of the findings.
In November 2008, this project on ”Corruption and Conflict” was also awarded SEK 750 000 as a one-year grant from Sida/SAREC’s Developing Country Research Council. More information.
As a result of the project, a well-organised workshop on ”Accountability, Transparency and Conflict:
Challenges for Local Governance” was held in Hambantota on 6–8 February 2009. Read a report from the workshop.
A year later, on 12 November 2009, this same project, originally planned for by a SASNET grant, was awarded SEK 2.83 m as a three years grant (2010-12) from Sida/SAREC's
Developing Country Research Council (U-landsforskningsrådet). The research project has now been renamed ”Corruption and Conflict: Links and Experiences in Post-War Sri Lanka”. More information about the 2009 Sida grants.
Camilla Orjuela is also involved in a project titled ’Human Security and Social Recovery in post-Tsunami Sri Lanka’ (funded by Sida’s Research Council, 2008-2010), together with Marita Eastmond and Carolina Ivarsson, social anthropologists at the School of Global Studies.
Recent publications by Dr. Camilla Orjuela:
Book:The Identity Politics of Peacebuilding: Civil Society in War-torn Sri Lanka. Sage Publications, 2008. Abstract: This book looks at civil society and peace movements in the context of the identity-based armed conflict in Sri Lanka. Focussing on the identity politics inherent in peace work, it demonstrates why civil society groups engaged in peace activities often fail to enhance the sense of security among civilians and are also unable to challenge the underlying structures of war. The book highlights the role peace organisations play in providing alternatives to dominant discourses of militarism. It draws on unique empirical material, including 150 interviews with leaders, participants and key actors involved in civil society peace work in Sri Lanka.
By critically examining the roles played by civil society actors for peace, The Identity Politics of Peacebuilding: Civil Society in War-torn Sri Lanka contributes to filling the gap between the international enthusiasm for supporting civil society peace work on the one hand, and the lack of a thorough understanding of the relevance and impact of this work on the other. The author uses a constructivist approach to point out the dangers of romanticising inter-ethnic understanding in peace work and ignoring identity politics within peace movements.
Power and politics in the shadow of Sri Lanka's armed conflict. Report edited by Camilla Orjuela, with chapters written by Dr. Sunil Bastian, Dr. Sepali Kottegoda and Prof. Jayadeva Uyangoda.
It discusses the development in the country after the defeat of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in May 2009, that brought Sri Lanka's 26 year long civil war to an end. It also led to a dramatic change in power relations in the island, where politics and everyday life had for decades been dominated by the conflict between the government forces and the Tamil rebels. Throughout Sri Lanka’s modern history, the nationalist projects of the two main conflict parties have dominated the struggles for – and the analysis of – power. This publication highlights other important aspects of power, while also relating them to the armed conflict. The report is published by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), as Sida Studies No. 25. Link to the full-text report.
Articles in academic journals:
‘Distant Warriors, Distant Peace Workers? Multiple Diaspora Roles in Sri Lanka’s Violent Conflict’ in Global Networks: A Journal of Transnational Affairs, Vol. 8, No. 4, October 2008.
’Reaping the harvest of peace? Politics of reconstruction during Sri Lanka’s 2002 peace process’. Critical Asian Studies, 40 (2), June 2008.
In the 2008 round of planning grants, SASNET also decided to support an application from Dr. Mikael Schultz, to organise an interdisciplinary Sri Lanka Conference on Peace and Development Research, to be held in Kandy, Sri Lanka in August 2009. The conference will be jointly organised by two Swedish partners, namely the School of Global Studies in Gothenburg, and the Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University (Dr. Kristine Höglund); and two Sri Lankan institutions, University of Peradeniya, and the Social Development Institute in Kandy (a non-government organization working in community empowerment and peace building efforts in various parts of Sri Lanka). The main collaborating partners is Sri Lanka will be Professor Kalinga Tudor Silva, Dean of the Faculty of Arts at the University of Peradeniya; and Dr. Dhammika Herath, a fresh PhD from the School of Global Studies (more information about Dr. Herath below). More information about the 2008 SASNET planning grants. Abstract: The aim of this first Sri Lanka Conference on Peace and Development Research (SPDR) is to bring together and initiate a process of dialogue among local and international academic researchers and doctoral students, who study about peace and development related issues in Sri Lanka. The conference provides a forum for researchers and doctoral students based in Sri Lanka, in Nordic countries and other countries across the globe to discuss their research findings, ongoing research projects and research proposals. The conference lays a heavy emphasis on the potential of reconstruction, reconciliation and development prospects in the war affected regions of Sri Lanka. Full information about the conference.
The SASNET supported Kandy conference on “Peace and Development in Sri Lanka” has resulted in a publication of a book, Post-War Reconstruction in Sri Lanka: Prospects and Challenges, edited by Dhammika Herath and Michael Schulz from PADRIGU, plus Dr. Kristine Höglund, Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, and Prof. K.T Silva, University of Peradeniya.
The book was launched in December 2010 by the International Center for Ethnic Studies, and consists of a collection of conference papers by local and international researchers and doctoral students, as well as practitioners. The practitioner side was represented by professionals engaged in peace and development through their work in International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs), Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and government institutions. The papers in this book reflect the participants’ practical experience and research findings stemming from ongoing research projects. More information about the book.
Hettne (photo to the left). PhD in Economic
History at Gothenburg University in 1978, with a doctoral thesis
”The Political Economy of Indirect
Rule. Mysore 1881-1947”.
Since then he has had a vast production of books, articles and papers
within his major research fields, that have been International Political
Economy; Regionalism (South Asia, Europe); and Development and Conflict
Personal web page.
Hettne was chairman for the SASNET board during the period 2001-06. More
In his research, he has also been engaged in research on the ”Anatomy of Complex Emergencies”.
At the Research Conference ”Structures
of Vulnerability” held at Stockholm University 12–14 January
2005 Björn Hettne presented a paper on this subject, and he also
took part in a panel debate on ”Victims
and Actors – who get the blame? Concepts of structure and agency
in the development research”.
At SASNET’s Symposium
for PhD candidates and post-docs,
held in Marstrand in
October 2002, Björn Hettne lectured about ”One
year after 11 September – what happened in South Asia and why?”.
A similar text (but in Swedish) was published in the September
2002 issue of SYDASIEN. Read
Professor Björn Hettne retired in June 2006. In his
honour, Gothenburg University arranged a seminar (for invited guests
only) at Jonsered Manor 14–15 June 2006. The seminar was titled ”New
Scenes for International Cooperation – Björn Hettne and Internationalisation
of Higher Education”. Professor S. D.
Muni, Centre of South,
Central & South East Asian Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University,
New Delhi, India, was one of the keynote speakers at the seminar.
In August 2009, Prof. Hettne came out with a new book, entitled ”Thinking about development” on Zed Books. It is a concise and accessible introduction to development thinking, contemporary development theory and practice and – a critical analysis of the values that lie behind them. Hettne argues that schools of development thinking should be historically contextualized, not presented as evolving towards a universal theory. The book presents development as an 'essentially contested concept', that has meant a number of things at various times to different people in different places. Focusing on historical discourses from the initial colonial encounters through to the modern day, Hettne draws the connections between the enlightenment belief in 'progress' through to the more recent focus on the Millennium Development Goals. More information.
Erwér defended her dissertation on Transforming
Politics; Gender, Power and Agency in Kerala South India,
on Thursday 30 October 2003. In the thesis she has studied development
and the emerging gender politics in terms of negotiations between
the state and collective actors, such as the feminist network
and the left women's movement, and also possibilities and constraints
Erwér was supervised jointly by Björn Hettne, Michael
Tharakan at Center for Development
Studies in Kerala, and Dr Ann Marie Goetz,
at the Institute of Development Studies
(IDS), University of Sussex, UK. The Faculty opponent was Prof. Gita Sen
from the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore.
Monica Erwér was instrumental in setting up the Centre
for Global Gender Studies (CGGS) at PADRIGU, in collaboration
with IDS and its South Asia scholars like Dr Naila
and Dr Ramya Subramanian. More information about Dr. Erwér’s research at her personal web page.
Since August 2009, Dr. Erwér works as Team Leader for the Swedish non-governmental organisation Svalorna Indien-Bangladesh (The Swallows India Bangladesh section) an organisation headquartered at Lund, and working mainly with local organisations in Tamil Nadu (India) and in Rajshahi district (Bangladesh). More information about The Swallows India Bangladesh.
• Dr. Stellan
Vinthagen(photo to the right) defended his
doctoral dissertation on ”Nonviolent
Action – A Social Practice of Resistance and Construction”,
on Saturday 8 October 2005. The thesis explores how peace with
peaceful means is possible to conceptualize. Earlier theories about
nonviolence (mainly Mahatma Gandhi and Sharp) are discussed in
the perspective of late modern sociology in an attempt to develop
a social and practical description system. Faculty opponent was
Associate Professor Jan Öberg, Transnational Foundation for
Peace and Future Research, Lund. Read
the abstract. Privately, Stellan Vinthagen is a peace worker who since 1980
has been engaged in various social movements. For six years he was
the editor of a peace movement journal (Plogbillen), and
he was main organiser of a number of international movement conferences
in Germany and Sweden during the years 1987-1999. In 1986 he was Swedish
co-organiser of The World Peace Conference, that was being held in
Since his dissertation in 2005 he is working as a senior lecturer at
PADRIGU, but is also affiliated as an associate lecturer at Globalverkstan– International
Project Management for Social Movements & NGOs in Gothenburg.
Besides he is connected to the College
for International Citizenship (CIC) in Birmingham, England. He is
also a member of TRANSCEND, a
global network of scholars-practitioners working for peace and development;
of IPRA, the International
Peace Research Association; the War
Resisters International, WRI; and an Associate of the Transnational
Foundation (TFF), the research foundation based in Lund, Sweden.
Stellan Vinthagen is the Swedish Project Coordinator of the Mahatma Gandhi
Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution at University of Madras, Chennai,
India. The centre has evolved out of the Swedish-Indian Peace and Conflict
Transformation Studies programme (PCTS) that Dr. Vinthagen was instrumental
in setting up at the University of Madras. In 2004, he received a SASNET planning grant for this educational project – more
information below. More information about Dr. Vinthagen’s research at his personal web page.
• Dr. Marie
Thynell (photo to the right) defended her dissertation on ”The
Unmanageable Modernity. An Explorative Study of Motorized Mobility
in Development” on 5 April 2003. The thesis is an explorative
study of a neglected area in International Political Economy and
Development Studies. The study includes a comparison of the historical
evolvement of motorization in Brasília and Teheran, as well
as a comparison of the handling of current urban transport problems
in Rome and New Delhi, India. Read
the abstract. More information about her research at her personal web page.
Blomqvist Sköldberg (photo to the left) defended her doctoral
dissertation on ”Gender
Discourses at Work: Export Industry Workers and Construction Workers
in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India” on Thursday 3 June 2004.
The dissertation project includes a study on ideologies and discourses
of gender segregation within the garment export industry and construction
industry in Chennai, India. Field work was carried out in Chennai
during 1999-2001. The thesis analyses how gender and gender hierarchies
are discursively shaped, reproduced and reinterpreted among two groups
of low income workers; export industry and construction industry
workers. Faculty opponent was Professor Naila Kabeer, Institute of
Development Studies, Sussex, England. Read
the abstract to the dissertation.
At the Development studies research conference held at Lund University
in January 2003 Gunilla Blomqvist presented a paper on ”Culture,
globalisation – Indian versus Western values”. Read
the abstract. More information from her personal web page.
Since 2008, Dr. Blomqvist is the coordinator for GADNET (the Gender and Development Network), a
Sida/SAREC funded multidisciplinary national network of Swedish
researchers and doctorate students with specific research interests
in gender and development. The network was formed
in April 2004 and is institutionally based at the Centre
for Global Gender Studies (CGGS) at Gothenburg University.
It has been funded by Sida/SAREC for the period 2004-09.
She is also the main applicant for a new Sida-funded research sub-network on Gender and Development in
Practice that GADNET will run during the period 2010–2012. More information.
Jørgensen (photo to the right) has previously worked on ethnic
conflicts in India. In 1997 he defended his licentiate thesis at the department,
titled ”From Frontiers of Empires
to Borders of States – and
Beyond. Images from India”. Later, he has however mostly changed over
to research on Vietnam (and defended his doctoral dissertation titled ”Development and 'The Other Within'. The Culturalisation of the Political Economy of Poverty in the Northern Uplands of Viet Nam” in 2006). His main research field for the PhD has been related to the linkage between
globalisation and marginalisation, and how globalisation changes
the living conditions of poor people and subnational identity groups. More information at his personal web page.
• Dr. Rodrigo
Tavares worked as a research fellow at the department. He is a Portugese citizen, but came to Sweden in 2001 as a guest student to the Dept. of Political Science, Stockholm University. In the Fall 2004 he was
attached to the Delegation
of the European Commission to India, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives and Sri
Lanka in New Delhi.
Rodrigo Tavares (photo to the right) is also an Associate Research Fellow
at United Nations University – Comparative Regional Integration
Studies (UNU-CRIS). Some of his main areas of interest are Peace
and conflict theory; Regional peace and
security; European and South Asian security and politics; and the Kashmir
conflict. He is also a member of Transcend,
a network of international researchers on peace, conflict and development
studies created by Johan Galtung.
On 15 December 2006, Rodrigo Tavares defended his doctoral dissertation titled ”Understanding Regional Peace and Security: A Framework for Analysis” that has an emphasis on South Asia and Europe. Faculty opponent was Elzbieta Stadtmuller from the Institute of International Studies, University of Wroclaw, Poland. More information about the thesis.
Dr. Tavares now works as an Associate Research Fellow at the
United Nations University – Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU–CRIS) in Brugge, Belgium, but living in Brazil. He has been engaged in a major project on Africa, but has also been involved in studies on Kashmir and South Asia, writing articles in International magazines. More information from his personal web page.
Larsen defended his doctoral dissertation titled ”Vulnerable Daughters in Times of Change: Emerging Contexts of Discrimination in Himachal Pradesh, India” on Friday 13 March 2009. The dissertation deals with the widespread problem in India of using sex selective abortions to discriminate against daughters. Girls are aborted on a massive scale simply because they are girls. A point of departure is the fact that the problem has become prevalent at a time of considerable social and economic change. Faculty opponent was Prof. Ravinder Kaur from the Dept. of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Delhi. More information, with a link to the full-text thesis. Abstract: The main objective of the study is
to analyse the underlying dynamics of the current trend of declining
sex ratios for the age group 0-6. Karnataka in the south and Uttar
Pradesh in the north have both had increases in overall sex ratio
from 1991 to 2001. When looking at the sex ratios for the age
group 0-6, however, one is struck by the difference. While the
overall figures show small but definite increases, the 0-6 ratios
have registered considerable decreases between 1991 and 2001.
Like India as a whole, both Karnataka and UP show a slight improvement
in overall sex ratio, but a large decline in the sex ratio for
age group 0-6. However, the two states’ respective ratios
differ considerably, thus reflecting the welldocumented differences
with higher ratios in the South and lower in the North. The study
will focus on two areas in
Karnataka and two areas in UP with differing trends in sex ratios. Read
full project description (as a pdf-file).
Larsen has also been involved in a a similar project, called ”Lives
at Risk; Discrimination of female children in modern India”,
at the Dept. of Economic History at Lund University. The project, coordinated
by Neelambar Hatti, is carried out in collaboration
with T.V. Sekher at the Population Research
Center, Institute for Social and Economic
Change (ISEC), Bangalore, India. More
information on the project.
At the 18th ECMSAS conference arranged by SASNET in July 2004 Mattias
Larsen was co-authoring a working paper titled ”Lives at Risk.
Declining Child Sex Ration in India” (No 93 in the series
Lund Papers in Economic History), Full text version is available on the
Internet. Go for it (as
a pdf-file). A paper titled ”Uncertainty Vulnerable daughters” was
jointly presented by Mattias Larsen, Pernille Gooch and Neelambar Hatti,
at the CEPED-CICRED-INED Seminar on ”Female Deficit in Asia: Trends
and Perspectives”, held in Singapore, 5–7 December 2005. Read
the draft paper. More information about Mattias Larsen’s research at his personal web page.
In November 2009, this project was awarded SEK 1.2 m as a three-years research grant (2010–12) from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida. The project is now entitled ”Vulnerable Daughters in Times of Change: A New Approach to the Problem of ‘missing girls’in India”. The project will be carried out in collaboration with Professor Aswini Kumar Nanda, Director of the Population Research Centre (PRC) at the Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID), Chandigarh, India; and Ravinder Kaur,
Professor in Sociology and Social Anthropology at the Dept. of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi.
The project involves a comparative case study of selected districts in the three states Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in northwestern India – states where the problem with daughter discrimination is more rampant than elsewhere. A working hypothesis is that low child sex ratios and daughter discrimination are results of a larger process of social and economic change in which the conditions for the institution of intergenerational contract is changing. More information about the 2009 Sida grants. Abstract: Much research has been done on the nature of the problem that millions of girls are ‘missing’ in India, but so far little attention has been paid to the relationship between the country’s rapid economic growth, deep social changes and the fate of girl children. We hypothesise that daughter discrimination is a result of larger processes of social and economic change in which there is increasing uncertainty regarding the fulfilment of the intergenerational contract stating that sons are responsible for the old age support of their parents. The proposed project has two main objectives; (1) to empirically test new hypotheses based on findings from our previous own research and (2) to investigate and map the extent of social consequences. The research design consists of an untried methodological approach combining a statistical analysis with a fuzzy set-QCA analysis, and conducting a survey.
Kabeer, was a guest professor (Hasselgren Professorship)
at the Centre for Global Gender Studies in 2004
(up to 15 January 2005), but is now back to her ordinary position as Research
Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, UK. She is however
still closely engaged with PADRIGU, and is a member of the board for the
Centre for Global Gender Studies.
Kabeer who comes from Bangladesh is a social economist and works primarily
on poverty, gender, and social policy issues. She is the author of books
such as ”Reversed Realities: Gender Hierarchies in Development
Thought” (Vero 1994) and ”The Power to Choose: Bangladeshi
Women and Labour Market Decisions in London and Dhaka” (Verso
2000). In 2003 she published ”Gender Mainstreaming in Poverty
Eradication and the Millennium Development Goals – a handbook for
policy makers and other stakeholders” at IDRC
Books, the publishing arm of Canada's International Development Research
Sandwich programme for PhD candidates
from Sri Lanka:
Six PhD candidates from Sri Lanka were accepted in 2003
to join a four years doctoral programme at PADRIGU, run on a sandwich
basis with the universities of Peradeniya, Kandy, and Jaffna, and partly
financed by the Swedish International Development Agency, Sida/SAREC.
The programme started in September 2003, and consisted of three parts;
first 10 months fully funded initial stay in Gothenburg, then two years
fieldwork in Sri Lanka, and finally a period back in Sweden up till the
The PhD candidates still connected to the School of Global Studies in 2008 are:
• Dhammika Herath,
Assistant Lecturer, Dept of Sociology, University of Peradeniya, Sri
Lanka has completed a PhD project on the impact of social capital on human development in a war-torn setting in Sri Lanka.
On Wednesday 30 May 2008, he defended his doctoral dissertation titled ”Rural Development through Social Capital? An inquest into the linkages between social capital and development in war-torn villages in Sri Lanka”. Faculty opponent was Dr Jonathan Goodhand, Dept. of Development Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, UK. Abstract: This study concerns the potential causal relationship between social capital and rural development in war-torn villages in the north of Sri Lanka. The social capital thesis centers on the notion that social relationships matter to development-related outcomes and reconstruction of war-torn societies. This theoretical understanding and the conditions in the north of Sri Lanka motivated the author to apply the concept of social capital to study development in war-torn villages.
In an attempt to understand the causal factors of development, this study builds a research model that takes account of social capital as well as other relevant explanatory factors. Ethnographic information gathered in the study area leads the study to form two hypotheses: bonding social capital causes development; and bridging social capital causes development. The study attempts to determine whether there is a casual relationship, and if such a relationship exists, the nature of it. This study finds that development is a complex phenomenon: social capital cannot entirely account for development, while other explanatory factors, such as natural assets and infrastructure issues, also strongly influence the prospects of development.
The study was conduced in six rural war-torn villages in the north of Sri Lanka in 2005. It involved two phases, spanning a time period of almost one year. The study commenced with a qualitative phase, which included initial observations, collection of official records and brief interviews with key figures in the area. It then conducted close observations, case studies and interviews in the study villages. In the second phase, the study administered a survey to all (416) households in the study villages. The data was analyzed using two computer-based data analysis programs: SPSS and LISREL.
Dr. Herath has now moved back to Sri Lanka, and is working as a research fellow at the International Center for Ethnic Studies (ICES) in Colombo. He was involved in organizing the SASNET-funded Sri Lanka Conference on Peace and Development, that was held in Kandy on 23–25 August 2009. More information above.
• PhD candidate Sachitra Mungali Kumari,
Lecturer, Dept of Sociology, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. On Thursday 18 December 2008, Ms. Kumari defended her Licentiate thesis at Gothenburg University. The thesis was titled ”A Study of War-Affected Children in Sri Lanka”. The opponent was Dr. Camilla Orjuela from the same department. Abstract: The thesis aims to build up an analytical model for studying rehabilitation programmes for children in Sri Lanka, with a view to future research. This area is considered very important, because children’s perspectives in the post-war reconstruction efforts can be considered as still a largely invisible subject. On one hand, children’s participation in reconstructions decision-making is very rare. On the other hand, children are not receiving adequate attention in this decision-making. For instance, UNESCO (2002) says that most post-conflict situation focuses only on children’s short-term needs, and children’s development orientation is always neglected.
Therefore, the intention is to highlight thinking about how war-affected children can be included in the post-war reconstruction effort in Sri Lanka, and how they can be helped to overcome violent experiences, and to rebuild their lives within the long-term development perspectives. At the same, understand some specific problems that children face due to ongoing war in Sri Lanka, as a bridge for understanding what kinds of problems should be addressed by the rehabilitation programmes.
The study was conducted in three war-torn areas in areas in Sri Lanka in 2005. It was based on three steps over a time period of nearly six month. The findings show that children who live in war-torn areas can be affected by war, psychologically, physically and socially, and these effects can occur both directly and indirectly. At the same time, this study reveals that those effects are interrelated and cannot be taken in isolation.
• PhD candidate Shanta Wanninayake,
Lecturer, Dept of Sociology, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Mr. Wanninayake participated in the 18th
European Conference for Modern South Asian Studies, organised by SASNET
in Lund in July 2004, presenting a paper titled ”Economic
Liberation and Labour Migration in Sri Lanka” in panel no
7 (about Social and Political
Implications of Economic Liberalization in South Asia). Read
an abstract of the paper.
He is working on a PhD project titled ”Internal Displacements, Settlements and Host Community Relationship in War affected areas in Sri Lanka”. More information at his personal web page.
• PhD candidate Doreen
Arulanandam, Assistant Lecturer, Dept of Sociology, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka. She is working on a dissertation project dealing with the Post-conflict and Reconstruction process in Sri Lanka. At the 2nd
Swedish National Conference on Peace Research organised by the School
of Global Studies/PADRIGU on behalf of Swedish Network of Peace,
Conflict and Development Research in Gothenburg 7–8 September 2006,
Doreen Arulanandam presented a paper titled ”Women
in Social Reconstruction
– Multifaceted Engagement in War Ravaged Northern Sri Lanka”. Personal web page.
• PhD candidate Shanti
Nandana Wijesinghe, Senior Lecturer, from the Dept of Sociology, University
of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, working on a doctoral thesis on ”Reconstruction,
Resettlement and Health in Conflict zones in Sri Lanka”.
• PhD candidate Bahirathy
Jeeweshwara, Assistant Lecturer, Dept of Sociology, University of
Jaffna, Sri Lanka.
South Asia related educational courses at PADRIGU
The Department of Peace and Development Research runs a programme
on Development and International Co-operation Studies (formerly
called U-landskunskap) up to 100 credits level, which to a large extent
focuses on South Asian issues. More
information on the programme. PADRIGU every year also runs a programme
on International Relations, up to 100 credits
information on the programme.
Education and Research cooperation
with University of Madras
On 27 May 2002, the Department signed a memorandum of understanding
with the Department of Politics and Public Administration,
University of Madras, Chennai, India, with the purpose to promote
peace studies in India. At the heart of this long-term research collaboration
and scholarly exchange were two components: Teaching and research. The
teaching component included the responsibility of offering an introductory
course on 'Peace and Conflict Resolution' to masters level students at
the School of Social Sciences, University of Madras.
The research component, which was of a complementary nature to the teaching
programme, was supposed to analyze the teaching and research in peace and
conflict resolution both within and outside India and to produce a
monograph on Curriculum Guide. Further,
a Peace Studies Reader encompassing essays on important
topics relevant to developing countries in general and India in particular
was supposed to be produced to help the students of peace studies.
was in charge of this curriculum work. In August 2004 Stellan Vinthagen
was awarded a planning grant from SASNET
to develop the masters course in Chennai, and a preparatory Education
and Research Workshop on introducing the joint Swedish-Indian Peace and
Conflict Transformation Studies programme (PCTS) was held at the University
of Madras, 22–26 November 2004.
• Dr. Senthil
Ram at the Dept. of Politics and Public Administration, University
of Madras, was the Indian coordinator in the collaboration project. Ram
had been a visiting researcher at Padrigu during 2004, and completed his PhD
at Jawaharlal Nehru University, JNU, in New Delhi on Tibetan Exile Politics.
Between 2000 and 2005 the PADRIGU researcher Leif
Ohlsson edited an excellent web publication
in Swedish called Omvärldsbilder
of great value for researchers and students with an interest to
follow how issues on Human rights, Conflicts, Resources and Environment
are covered by United Nations and other international organizations.
The work was performed on behalf of The Swedish National Museums
of World Culture and with support from Sida.
behalf of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida),
between 2003 and 2006 Leif Ohlsson also edited a web page and electronic
Newsletter called Environment,
Development & Conflict EDC News.
It has been discontinued, but its coverage of news
and reports on the relationship between poverty alleviation, population
dynamics, natural resources, livelihoods and health is nowadays included in the electronic newsletter Sustainable
Development Update (SDU), a newsletter commissioned
by the Environment Policy Division at Sida.
From 2009, the SDU newsletter has been converted into a News Blog. Read it here!